WW1 Armistice Exhibition - Europe
From Armistice to Lausanne - Europe
- Eastern Europe was significantly re-drawn;
- Establishment of German Austria, Hungarian Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and Romania.
- Alsace-Lorraine returned to France.
- In other territorial changes post war, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland gained independence from Russian empire.
- United Kingdom gained League of Nations mandates in Africa and Middle East.
- Irish Free State gained independence from UK.
- The social trauma of war is exemplified in UK. The 1921 Census found 19,803,022 women and 18,082,220 men – badged as the “surplus 2 million” by newspapers.
- There were 1,209 single women between ages of 25 and 29 for every 1,000 men. 1931 census 505 of these women were still single, and 35% did not marry while still able to bear children.
- Revolution can also be seen as evidence of the social trauma, with Irish War of Independence (1919-1921), “Sette Giugno” in Malta 1919, and “Biennio Rosso” in Italy 1919-1920 and Labin Republic 1921 as manifestations of this.