WW1 Armistice Exhibition - Europe

From Armistice to Lausanne - Europe

  • Eastern Europe was significantly re-drawn;
  • Establishment of German Austria, Hungarian Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia, Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and Romania.
  • Alsace-Lorraine returned to France.
  • In other territorial changes post war, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland gained independence from Russian empire.
  • United Kingdom gained League of Nations mandates in Africa and Middle East.
  • Irish Free State gained independence from UK.
  • The social trauma of war is exemplified in UK. The 1921 Census found 19,803,022 women and 18,082,220 men – badged as the “surplus 2 million” by newspapers.
  • There were 1,209 single women between ages of 25 and 29 for every 1,000 men. 1931 census 505 of these women were still single, and 35% did not marry while still able to bear children.
  • Revolution can also be seen as evidence of the social trauma, with Irish War of Independence (1919-1921), “Sette Giugno” in Malta 1919,  and “Biennio Rosso” in Italy 1919-1920 and Labin Republic 1921 as manifestations of this.


Other pages in this section:
America - Europe - Africa - India - Australia - Spanish Flu